Ethiopia Drought Case Study

Ethiopia, at the forefront of preventing and reducing drought risks, offers lessons to prepare for future challenges, writes the Embassy of Ethiopia to the EU. An analysis of Ethiopia's productive safety net program and its linkages. Gray CL, Mueller V (2012) Drought and population mobility in rural Ethiopia. ” It is over 15 years since the last National Human Development Report for Ethiopia was published and much has changed in the intervening period. Agency for International Development (USAID) under the terms of the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Design Support (MEDS) project, Contract No. In the case of Ethiopia, much of this groundwater is located in regions with highly complex hydrogeological structures which are prone to geochemical contamination (saline and fluoride). Methods: For this study, an integrated quali tative and quantitative approach was used. Two vicious cycles are at work: recovery (e. 22 / somAliA 2011-2013 / drought And conflict AFRICA CASE STUDY Jul sEP noV JAn APr mAY Jun Jul oct JAn mAY Jun sEP SOMALIA 2011-2013 / DROUGHT + CONFLICT. Ethiopia's fortunes gradually improved, or at least, the worst was over. The major drought of 1984 resulted in over 300,000 deaths and affected over 7. Both case studies showed that even when implemented in the later stages of a drought, livestock interventions can meet important livelihoods objectives. Garbado, Senior Infrastructure (Transport) Expert Peer Reviewers L. 2 Case study: Borana Pastoral Livestock Marketing Groups, Ethiopia 31 6. The complex nature of drought in the study region took the lives of. 4 Information systems and the drought relief programme Government of Botswana (2013). A recent study of implementation of Six Sigma at Continental Mabor, a tire manufacturing company located in Famalicao, Portugal, provides a step-by-step look at how to apply Six Sigma’s DMAIC methodology successfully and how it can impact business performance. Ethiopia struggles with worst drought for 50 years leaving 18 million people in need of aid Save Children of pastoralists who have lost all their cattle in the Ethiopia drought attend. The country also has to cope with nearly a million refugees. In 2015, California was once more taking stock of its water supply, coming out of the winter season in its fourth year of drought. construction. It ran out in November. Search this site. Resettlement, household vulnerability, livelihood adaptation and opportunities in Ethiopia: A case study of the Metema Resettlement Area. Start studying 2. and Tilahun, M. (A second case study, on resource scarcity in Pakistan, is currently being prepared by David Steven; plans are also in train. Bayissa National Drought Mitigation Center, School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA Correspondence yared2002@gmail. The areas of north and central Ethiopia suffered their worst drought in decades in 2015, a year marked by a strong El Niño. A widespread famine affected Ethiopia from 1983 to 1985. Each case study provides project details, including community involvement, key actions taken, achievements and recommendations. Meeting (RIM) held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 22 to 24 October 2007, for its insightful comments and input on the draft report, which greatly enriched this final version of the Africa regional review report on drought and desertification. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The number is projected to rise, and this image illustrates why. The case study is demonstrated in Wabi Shebele river basin in Ethiopia. Methodology During the pilot we aimed to analyse the following themes: Context/dynamics Specific examples of capacity-building activities for DRM. com Legesse Hadish. Ethiopia hit by worst drought in decades. mujica@opml. A 17-year-long civil war, along with severe drought, negatively impacted Ethiopia's environmental conditions, leading to even greater habitat degradation. In January 2009, the Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) Project published the first Handbook based on a set of standards, related indicators and guidance notes that were derived from evidence-based good practice for livestock-based emergency interventions. Case study: Emergency WASH Sector in Ethiopia •Due to El Nino, in 2015-2016 Ethiopia suffered its worst drought in 50 years, affecting 9. Case Study: Reactive Responses to Drought in Somalia Have Not Strengthened Resilience—and May Even Have Exacerbated the Crisis 6 2. Assessment of farmers perceptions and the economic impact of climate change in Namibia: Case study on small-scale irrigation farmers (SSIFs) of Ndonga Linena irrigation project. The worst famine to hit the country in a century, it left 1. Zegaye (2003), "Rural poverty, food insecurity and environmental degradation in Ethiopia: A case study from South Central Ethiopia". This case study will provide details on the R4 project in Ethiopia, referred to here as “R4 Ethiopia,” and formally known as the HARITA. Drought is a natural phenomenon but it is often the reaction of society and governments that creates a famine. This study investigated and analysed the preparedness, impact of and response by the farming community to the 2007/2008 drought using the Eastern Cape and Free State provinces of South Africa as case studies. So is famine in the Horn of Africa linked to climate change or not? The question arises whenever. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. FUTURE DROUGHT IMPACT AND VULNERABILITY - CASE STUDY SCALE Dionysis Assimacopoulos, Eleni Kampragou, Joaquín Andreu, Carlo Bifulco, Alessandro de Carli, Lucia De Stefano, Susana Dias, Lukas Gudmundsson, David Haro-Monteagudo, Dario Musolino, Javier Paredes-Arquiola, Francisco Rego, Irmi Seidl, Abel Solera, Julia Urquijo, Henny van Lanen, Wouter. Buchanan-Smith M and Tlogelang L, 1994. Wilhite), 3-15. In Ethiopia, the eastern and southern-eastern areas are experiencing drought while other regions are affected by flooding. The study aims to provide country level evidence on the approaches used by donors in risk assessment and management. The coffee market in Ethiopia has experienced recent growth, improving both the economy and lives of people in coffee production. Applied exercises focused on participant country needs, and discussion of ways forward. In the first-of-its-kind experiment on African soil, Kenya and Ethiopia will use models to accurately measure how much climate change really contributes to events such as floods or drought. Muhorana ME (2015) Community participation in planning: Case study of Kicukiro. Box 150372 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Yet water use is. Ethiopia, contrasting case study on vimeo. Ethiopian Drought 2010by: Yusuke, Jose, and SunnyIB1 GeographyExamine the factors that affected thechoice of adjustments before, and responsesto, actual hazard events or disasters 2. In case of drought like the one of 1984 in which rainfall dropped to 50% of the normal, the. Knowledge and Understanding: You have a good amount of knowledge and understanding of the Sahel drought. When past ENSO events are compared with drought and famine periods in Ethiopia, they show a remarkable association. The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. More than 1. Case study CLTSH in Ethiopia Key lessons and recommendations The following key lessons and recommendations are drawn from ERCS experiences with their WatSan and DRR project in North Gonder zone from 2011 – 2013, and are applicable for future community-based health, water and sanitation, and DRR programs in Ethiopia. 4 million possession-rights have been registered and over 1. In January 2009, the Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) Project published the first Handbook based on a set of standards, related indicators and guidance notes that were derived from evidence-based good practice for livestock-based emergency interventions. The project’s goal is to understand the relationships between scientists, farmers, managers and how. An experimental drought monitoring tool has been developed that predicts the vegetation condition (Vegetation Outlook) using a regression‐tree technique at a monthly time step during the growing season in Eastern Africa. Agezew Hida - Bahir Dar University. ZIMBABWE CASE STUDY BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT Solution: Adaptation Approach, Components and Description The project, Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Zimbabwe, is working to enhance the capacity of agricultural and pastoral communities in Zimbabwe to adapt to climate variability and change. The general objective of this study was to identify factors that determine households' vulnerability to food insecurity in drought prone areas of the Amhara Region of Ethiopia by using Lay Gaint woreda (district) as a case study site. The validation workshop of the National Report of Ethiopia for Rio+20 Conference was held at Beshale Hotel in Addis Ababa, on May 7, 2012. While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought. Gray CL, Mueller V (2012) Drought and population mobility in rural Ethiopia. Only 61% of the population has access to safe water. Objectives of the consultancy The main objective of this short‐term assignment will be to document case studies capturing lessons learned, key achievements, challenges, and opportunities in drought /water security related intervention. For the case studies that you have been appointed to work on, evaluate the extent to which the communities were likely to have carried out and acted on a formal risk analysis Activity 4: Adjustments Prior to the Event To what extent had Ethiopia taken the following measures prior to the 2008-9 drought? Modification of the event: Affect the. Treydte et al. 5°E, NE) during June–September. Comparing the costs and benefits of drought responses in pastoralist areas of Ethiopia On April 24, 2012 · Leave a Comment · In Adrian Cullis , Andy Catley Andy Catley is Research Director at the Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 199 Over the period 1980-2010 ten major drought disasters were reported in Ethiopia. the situation is looking more grim than the massive drought in Ethiopia in the mid-1980s that prompted the Live Aid concert, and the drought in. ben maathuis dr. Drought effects to agriculture in 2016 were driven largely by low water availability south of the Delta and restrictions on ability to move water across the Delta. This is nothing like the drought of 2008 when Atlanta was days away from running out of water, but as cycles go, they are headed into a drought and it’s hard to say when it will end. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This executive summary was prepared by Courtenay Cabot Venton for the USAID Center for Resilience. Karake, EMK (2015) Analysisof the contribution of farmer promoters in rural development in Rwanda with a Case study of Rulindo District. Said to be "the worst in 60 years", the drought caused a severe food crisis across Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya that threatened the livelihood of 9. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. Accepted 15 October, 2013 This study examines rural livelihood strategies and food security outcomes in the drought-prone Amhara Region of Ethiopia by focusing on Lay Gaint district as a case study site. Ethiopia has spent the past 30 years moving forward from a famine of biblical proportions by expanding an unlikely market. Box 445, Ethiopia. CRS is calling upon the international donor community—beyond the steady and generous support of the U. study was conducted, has one of the highest total ferti-lity rates of 5. This is a guest post by Gabriella Meltzer, Research Associate in Global Health for the Council on Foreign Relations Studies program. This study investigated and analysed the preparedness, impact of and response by the farming community to the 2007/2008 drought using the Eastern Cape and Free State provinces of South Africa as case studies. Drought: Ethiopia Case Study, USAID, March 2003), the frequency of nation-wide droughts that cause severe food shortage increased from once in 10 years (in 70s and 80s) to once in about three years now; and between 1970 and 1996 drought and the resultant food shortages have affected millions and killed a significant number of people in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is continuing efforts to improve its response to drought. This is the worst drought in the history of Marathwada: Atul Deulgaonkar - Senior journalist and author of seven books, Atul Deulgaonkar dissects the macro and micro level policies which have resulted in farmers suicides becoming endemic across the country. The findings in the case study of Ethiopia show that child mortality can be reduced in low-income countries by leveraging connections between multiple sectors. The study, detailed in this report, considers three key questions:. Ato Abera and his family faced complete crop failure due to the long drought period. Case study 1: Ato Abera Yimam's story. United States. 5 million people. El Niño was first… Ethiopia’s Forgotten Drought | Council. Drought risk and vulnerability in rainfed agriculture: Example of a case study from Australia R. This study takes the case of Ethiopia and examines the current state and contribution of the industries without smokestacks to the economy and exports with the aim of improving our understanding of the major bottlenecks and solutions to unlocking the potential of these industries. This paper addresses the major causes and explanations of famine in Ethiopia within such a framework. Drought is a major disaster in South Africa in terms of total economic loss and number of people affected. of herds) from food crises is cut short by the next drought, and the threat of drought - which occurs frequently but is. Particular emphasis is given to the drought-prone agro-ecologies of the Rift Valley region and the specific maize varieties developed for and disseminated in this area. Scientists with Britain's. In justifying the contradictory findings of different studies, Lee has also mentioned problems of endogeneity and omitted variable bias as plausible reasons (P. Some drought years have coincided with EN events, while others have followed it. IDS Bulletin Vol. Analyzing the Effectiveness of Policy Implementation at the Local Level: A Case Study of Management of the 2009–2010 Drought in Yunnan Province, China (2017). (1990) Vol. Historically, government has taken a reactive approach to dealing with drought. Hence, to manage these sustainably a monitoring scheme must urgently be established for investigating rangeland quality and resilience to drought and grazing pressure. 53: 35–51, March 2017 35 BUILDING RESILIENCE THROUGH SOCIAL CAPITAL AS A COUNTER-MEASURE TO NATURAL DISASTERS IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY FROM A PROJECT IN PASTORALIST AND AGRO-PASTORALIST COMMUNITIES IN BORENA, IN THE OROMIA REGION OF ETHIOPIA Go SHIMADA School of International Relations, University of Shizuoka. Three stories from Africa's drought, famine. Ato Abera Yimam, 50 years, lives in Tenta woreda with his wife and seven children. Causes, effects, case studies, management? • Use the textbook and the photocopies to explore the causes & consequences of drought • Include human & physical causes, the effects & how they are managed • Consider patterns of rainfall & how the land is managed • CASE STUDIES: CAUSES, EFFECTS, RESPONSES 15. Honors, Awards. World Food Program supplies are distributed in a village in Jijiga district, part of Ethiopia's Somali region. The highest drought magnitude observed in Sodo when comparing with all seasons. More than 400 people died during outbreaks of acute watery diarrhoea in 2006. Because of sixth poor rsiny seasons in three years, 20 million people needed help. The PCCSR initiative uses dialogue on climate-related resource challenges among different pastoralist groups as a mechanism for addressing inter-group tensions. Task 3 - Watch the Anatomy of Sahel drought video to complete your map and physical causes of drought section of your case study sheet. The project’s goal is to understand the relationships between scientists, farmers, managers and how. Despite widespread emergency response in Ethiopia’s agriculture sector last year to the El Niño-induced drought, humanitarian needs remain high in 2017. txt) or read online for free. Drought is a natural feature of climate variability in all parts of world. Case Study: California. EPA used secondary data sources to compile these case studies. The methods proposed here are applicable to other similar river basins. Stone* and A. While the country is experiencing high levels of economic growth, Ethiopia continues to face major challenges including food insecurity, cyclical disasters, population pressure, unemployment, disease and natural resource degradation. Amaza P, Kwacha A, Kamara A. Some of the most severe cases of land degradation in semi-desert areas could be reversed with the right policies, researchers in Ethiopia have concluded. This prediction tool (VegOut-Ethiopia) is demonstrated for Ethiopia as a case study. Soil samples. SHELTER PROJECTS 2015 - 2016 89 COMPLEX MULTIPLE A. Elders in a village in Burkina Faso describe how the area has changed from a fertile area to a drought-prone near-desert. Specifically, the project objective is to develop and pilot a range of effective coping. Alexander Mapfumo and Wellington M. What You Need to Know About the Horn of Africa Famine. Rangeland forage availability and management in times of drought - A case study of pastoralists in Afar, Ethiopia Author links open overlay panel Anna C. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. villages experienced drought conditions that triggered payouts. The document is reproduced in the form and language in which it has been. levels of separations in Ethiopia due to drought and fam-ine, during the study period, lack of food was cited as the primary reason for separation in only five cases. Hunger, anemia, malnutrition and deaths of people are often witnessed in drought-stricken areas. 5 Natural and Human Causes of Drought. Overall drought effects are much milder than in 2014 or 2015. It is becoming a common phenomenon for the country and its habitants. 6 billion in August. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, ed. These include drought and tropical storms. In the West you can hear a collective groan: Not Ethiopia again. The study thus covers a variety of country situations and varying stages of implementation. According to many dealing with Ethiopia’s current drought, by some estimates the worst in 50 years, it could be much worse than tears. But, so far, there are no scenes reminiscent of 1984, when Ethiopia’s most infamous drought contributed to more than one million Ethiopians dying. More than 15 million of people are facing acute food and water shortages in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, and are in urgent need of emergency assistance. African Study Monographs, Suppl. Muhorana ME (2015) Community participation in planning: Case study of Kicukiro. 3 million people facing severe acute food insecurity in Zambia alone, according to the International Federation of Red […]. Ethiopian Drought 2010by: Yusuke, Jose, and SunnyIB1 GeographyExamine the factors that affected thechoice of adjustments before, and responsesto, actual hazard events or disasters 2. Developing a satellite-based combined drought indicator to monitor agricultural drought: a case study for Ethiopia Yared A. Last week, a scientific paper concluded that drought driven by climate change and the subsequent fights over water resources increased the likelihood of armed conflict in the Middle East from 2011. This prediction tool (VegOut‐Ethiopia) is demonstrated for Ethiopia as a case study. Comparing the costs and benefits of drought responses in pastoralist areas of Ethiopia On April 24, 2012 · Leave a Comment · In Adrian Cullis , Andy Catley Andy Catley is Research Director at the Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. I am pleased to present the 2014 National Human Development Report, which has been written on the theme of “Accelerating Inclusive Growth for Sustainable Human Development in Ethiopia. 3 Questions of design: avoid competing with traders 34 7. Somalia is a case of subtle connections between drought, food insecurity and conflict. Ethiopia - Using a social safety net to deliver disaster insurance to the poor : case study (English) Abstract. Case study - Drought in Africa(Ethiopia) In 2003, Ethiopia experinced the longest drought anyone had known. A lot of your information is specific to the region. A persistent drought caused by the El Nino weather phenomena is causing hunger and suffering for millions living near. Drought is a natural phenomenon but it is often the reaction of society and governments that creates a famine. Ethiopia has an image problem. Case Study Importance? » Re: Edexcel Geography Unit 4 Tectonic activity & Hazards (2016) » AQA GCSE English Literature Paper 2 » Geography OCR B GCSE 3rd June » Revising Geography GCSE » GCSE WJEC B Geography Unit 2 » Edexcel Geography Unit 4 2016 70 marker Help/Exemplars/Case studies » Drought in Australia + Depression/Anxiety + Kangaroos!. extract EN-FDM time series for catchments, drought analysis in Excel, compare with spatial data). AN ASSESSMENT OF THE DROUGHT RESPONSE 1999-2001 AND CURRENT. Disaster can be averted. This had been founded on a. drought early warning system and climate forecast methods was assessed using focus group discussion. Donaldson, T. able to withstand the drought. In recent decades, recurrent drought conditions have had devastating impacts on Botswana’s food security, human health, and economy. While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought. CRS' aim is to promote the use of best practices and joint learning among development. Bahry, Mihret - Bahir Dar University; Drought vulnerability and public response in Gidan Wereda of north Wollo zone. Said to be "the worst in 60 years", the drought caused a severe food crisis across Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya that threatened the livelihood of 9. Ethiopian Drought 2010by: Yusuke, Jose, and SunnyIB1 GeographyExamine the factors that affected thechoice of adjustments before, and responsesto, actual hazard events or disasters 2. Due to the severity of droughts and their recurring nature, pastoralists have experienced erosion of livestock assets. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The food emergency in Ethiopia: what the drought conceals by Fabrice Weissman May 2003 According to the Ethiopian Prime Minister and the UN food agencies, around 11 million people in Ethiopia will face serious food shortages in 2003 as a result of drought. 1 billion people in developing countries lack access to electricity. Reality of Resilience aims to change that by documenting in real-time what works to strengthen resilience during extreme climate. their food security situations: a case study of Berta Gibi and Gemechu Safar in the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia DEGEFA TOLOSSA ABSTRACT This paper, based on qualitative research within two communities in Addis Ababa, identifies factors that impoverish households and expose them. The participants included representatives from Environment Protection Authority, Ethiopian Development Research Institute, Addis Ababa University, Ministries of Agriculture, Industry,. The government's ambitions could be undermined by its very real capacity constraints, especially at region, woreda and kebele level; where different. This article examines the reactions of past rulers to food shortages in Ethiopia. For years they fought in vain against the drought in the southern part of the country. 6 Drought impact 6. CHALLENGES FOR URBAN WATER SUPPLY: THE CASE OF MASVINGO MUNICIPALITY IN ZIMBABWE. According to one BBC report, "War and drought are the two words forever associated with the Horn of Africa. The study contributes to the existing literature by constructing a drought resilience index (DRI) and uses it to determine the effect of drought resilience on the welfare of farming. 4 million people, according to the United Nations, which says that the continent is facing its most serious food crisis since the famine in. Determinants of Rural Household Food Security in Drought-Prone Areas of Ethiopia: Case study in Lay Gaint District, Amhara Region Arega Bazezew Berlie Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the subject Geography at the University of South Africa Thesis Supervisor: Dr Woldeamlak Bewket November 2013. Objectives of the consultancy The main objective of this short‐term assignment will be to document case studies capturing lessons learned, key achievements, challenges, and opportunities in drought /water security related intervention. Farmers and herders found their resilience tested to the limit last year. Working alongside the people of Ethiopia, WaterAid is helping bring clean water and safe sanitation to drought-hit areas, as Leonora Oppenheim discovers Kidan Hagos is trying to tell me what she knows about water, but I am distracted from her animated face by the enormous swelling in her neck. 4 million possession-rights have been registered and over 1. Abstract: This paper examines past drought and assesses future drought scenarios for the Arkansas Red River Basin using two common drought indexes, the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) and Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI). study was to investigate the rural water supply systems with case study in Adama area, in central Ethiopia. The effects of climate change are becoming increasingly severe in sub-Saharan Africa, where millions of people are facing severe food shortages due to drought. climate change adaptation, to build the capacity of vulnerable people to thrive in spite of changes to the climate affecting their livelihoods. In Ethiopia, where about four-fifths of the population depend on the agriculture sector for their livelihood, the effects of the El Niño-induced drought in 2015/16 were devastating. Case Study Importance? » Re: Edexcel Geography Unit 4 Tectonic activity & Hazards (2016) » AQA GCSE English Literature Paper 2 » Geography OCR B GCSE 3rd June » Revising Geography GCSE » GCSE WJEC B Geography Unit 2 » Edexcel Geography Unit 4 2016 70 marker Help/Exemplars/Case studies » Drought in Australia + Depression/Anxiety + Kangaroos!. 1 billion people in developing countries lack access to electricity. For the past decade, a concerted effort to reform TB control in South Africa has resulted in changes in case-finding and treatment policies, standardization of recording and reporting systems, and monitoring of the performance of control programmes using pre-defined indicators; these changes were all made in line with the internationally recommended DOTS. chris mannaerts. According to a recent study of weather behavior,. Contrasting climate variability and meteorological drought with perceived drought and climate change in northern Ethiopia. Hence, in this study, the yield gap and Agronomic nitrogen use efficiency was estimated for maize (Zea mays L) in Jimma, Bako,. Plan International works in Ethiopia alongside children, their families and communities to promote children's rights and equality for girls. extract EN-FDM time series for catchments, drought analysis in Excel, compare with spatial data). Many ordinary Ethiopians would say the same. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A number of case studies on flood management were collected from various regions, based on the experiences of organizations active in flood management. The general objective of this study was to identify factors that determine households' vulnerability to food insecurity in drought prone areas of the Amhara Region of Ethiopia by using Lay Gaint woreda (district) as a case study site. Genito Maure, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique, presented a case study of Maputo, Mozambique, saying it is a coastal, low-lying city affected by droughts, floods, salt water intrusion, storm surges, and coastal erosion, and noted that the municipality has established a climate change unit. Without rain, a bleak outlook As drought takes a heavy toll in Rajasthan, there are measures the state government must take quickly, says Deepak Malik. Introduction: Drought is the most significant factor restricting plant production on majority of agricultural field of the world (Tas&Tas, 2007). Another definition of desertification is the. pdf), Text File (. Harsh lessons. 2- Weather hazards and drought case studies. Prime Minister, April 1993. While it is certain that the region will experience further drought, and periods of acute vulnerability, such short-term responses should comprise part of a longer-term strategy. Before the drought, Wollo and Tigre had supplied 40 per cent of Ethiopia's total food production. It's a place of contrasts where the rural and the urban come together to create a delightfully eclectic mix of mud huts, glitzy hotels, colorful markets and late night jazz parties. I hereby declare that "Drought coping mechanisms: A case study of small scale farmers in Motheo district of the Free State Province" is my own research work and that all sources that I have used have been indicated and acknowledged by means of complete references. Lack of water affects every aspect of environmental health and human activity, including agriculture, natural areas and development projects. This study investigated and analysed the preparedness, impact of and response by the farming community to the 2007/2008 drought using the Eastern Cape and Free State provinces of South Africa as case studies. 53: 35–51, March 2017 35 BUILDING RESILIENCE THROUGH SOCIAL CAPITAL AS A COUNTER-MEASURE TO NATURAL DISASTERS IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY FROM A PROJECT IN PASTORALIST AND AGRO-PASTORALIST COMMUNITIES IN BORENA, IN THE OROMIA REGION OF ETHIOPIA Go SHIMADA School of International Relations, University of Shizuoka. drought, particularly in view of the high protein content of dried meat (around 55. In Ethiopia drought has a long history. Flash floods in Dire Dawa, the second largest city after Addis Ababa, killed nearly 250 people and displaced thousands. 5°E, NE) during June–September. Ethiopia is one of several African. The drought in the Horn of Africa is affecting 12. crop had been lost. The multi. 3, Mezber, Ethiopia) and the successful candidate will be involved in all the aspects related to the case study (ethnographic interviews, archaeobotanical and stable isotope analyses, vegetation transect). Robinson 1, Xi Yang 2 and Jung-Eun Lee 1,* 1 Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA;. As the worst El Niño-induced drought has sparked a sharp deterioration in food security and massive drop in agricultural and pastoral production in Ethiopia, the Food and Agriculture Organization today presented a $50 million plan to assist agriculture- and livestock-dependent households and. In one recent example that came as a consequence of the Ethiopia case study, USAID created the Peace Centers for Climate and Social Resiliency (PCCSR) in southern Ethiopia. In fact, with GDP growth averaging 10. In the first-of-its-kind experiment on African soil, Kenya and Ethiopia will use models to accurately measure how much climate change really contributes to events such as floods or drought. EPA used secondary data sources to compile these case studies. 4 million possession-rights have been registered and over 1. Of the 105 woredas in the region, forty-eight are drought-prone and chronically food-secure. During El Niño events, there is a high probability of drought, food shortages and food insecurity in Zimbabwe. This is nothing like the drought of 2008 when Atlanta was days away from running out of water, but as cycles go, they are headed into a drought and it’s hard to say when it will end. Despite widespread emergency response in Ethiopia's agriculture sector last year to the El Niño-induced drought, humanitarian needs remain high in 2017. 6 million people. utilization in Ada District, Ethiopia • Case study conducted by: • National drought mitigation Center (NDMC) • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) • Study is based on: • survey, • focused group discussions and • various informal interactions with farmers and extension agents to collect data from 180. To meet people's needs, the Government of Ethiopia and humanitar-ian partners issued an initial appeal for 2016 of US$1. Drought and civil conflict left Ethiopia in a state of turmoil under a Marxist dictatorship from the fall of the monarchy until 1991, when the long authoritarian rule of Meles Zenawi brought a. For years they fought in vain against the drought in the southern part of the country. "[8] This suggests that drought and conflict always reinforce each other or are two sides of a coin. More than 15 million of people are facing acute food and water shortages in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, and are in urgent need of emergency assistance. Management of Droughts and Famines in Ethiopia. Ethiopia, which has endured year after year of drought, is in the throes of the worst drought-related famine in more than a decade, according to private relief workers and Western diplomats. 199 Over the period 1980-2010 ten major drought disasters were reported in Ethiopia. We examine the effects of the array of forces on people's strategies for survival in the research areas during and after the drought and famine of the mid-1980's. Assessment of farmers perceptions and the economic impact of climate change in Namibia: Case study on small-scale irrigation farmers (SSIFs) of Ndonga Linena irrigation project. Ethiopia’s history, displacing people all over the coun-try. 6 The World Bank Climate Profile of Ethiopia lists the following implications for disaster risk management from climate change: According to the country’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, climate. This study investigated how smallholder farmers perceive climate change, what adaptation strategies they practice, and factors that influence their adaptation decisions. Assessment of farmers perceptions and the economic impact of climate change in Namibia: Case study on small-scale irrigation farmers (SSIFs) of Ndonga Linena irrigation project. 6 children per woman in 2005 [6]. CASE STUDY NAME: Drought in Ethiopia TOPIC: Water, Landforms and People LOCATION: Sahel in North East Africa What and Why. In 1999-2000, rains failed again, affecting eight million people. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the socioeconomic contribution of dry forests and forest products to climate change adaptation in the Liben Woreda, Southern Oromia region of Ethiopia. Ethiopia presents a picture of contrasts. According to a recent study of weather behavior,. African Study Monographs, Suppl. This case is part of a case study series, where the Water-Energy-Climate Nexus supports the transition towards a more sustainable and low-carbon urban management. Abstract Despite the fact that the per capita income of Sri Lanka has been increased and overall poverty level and. the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia: a Case Study at Adami Tulu Jido Kombolcha District 1AberaTilahun 2Zerihun Mohammed, and 3MelakuBekele 1. villages experienced drought conditions that triggered payouts. Many farmers have. New threats to food security are emerging – including severe drought in southern and southeastern pastoral areas and a growing refugee crisis in Gambella Region. Data from the 2012 season has not yet been finalized, but initial results show that coverage is expected to continue to increase in Tigray. One of the driest years on record, 2013 was marked by having the driest winter in more than five hundred years. Adoption of Drought Tolerant Maize Varieties under Rainfall Stress in Malawi. chapter 15 slow-onset disasters and famine has advanced greatly in the past 30 years or so. This study investigated and analysed the preparedness, impact of and response by the farming community to the 2007/2008 drought using the Eastern Cape and Free State provinces of South Africa as case studies. 5°E, NE) during June–September. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the patterns and trends of drought incidence in north east highlands of Ethiopia using monthly rainfall record for the period 1984-2014. Restricted cross border mobility further aggravated the situ-. (Continue reading: Rangeland forage availability and management in times of drought – A case study of pastoralists in Afar, Ethiopia). The study indicates also that in response to the degrading production environment, farmers become more provident and employ a variety of. Analyzing the Effectiveness of Policy Implementation at the Local Level: A Case Study of Management of the 2009–2010 Drought in Yunnan Province, China (2017). Water Scarcity & Security: Ethiopia's Water Crisis A consistent condition of water scarcity—lack of access to clean water—has a devastating effect on the lives of Ethiopians. For further information, please contact Ana Mujica at ana. 5 million already getting. Agency for International Development (USAID) under the terms of the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Design Support (MEDS) project, Contract No. Study Session 11 Impacts of Climate Change in Ethiopia Introduction. Disaster can be averted. Most people are aware of the historic, unrelenting drought tightening its grip on the United States. 400,000 refugees left the country, and 2. The drought limited the production of both food and cash crops like coffee, said the Famine Early Warning System Network. The Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) method was used in this study to analyses major drought characteristics intensity, severity, duration, magnitude, frequency and spatial extents. ASSAR's work on drought in Botswana also led to one of the project's research-into-use highlights. Data from the 2012 season has not yet been finalized, but initial results show that coverage is expected to continue to increase in Tigray. Case Study Importance? » Re: Edexcel Geography Unit 4 Tectonic activity & Hazards (2016) » AQA GCSE English Literature Paper 2 » Geography OCR B GCSE 3rd June » Revising Geography GCSE » GCSE WJEC B Geography Unit 2 » Edexcel Geography Unit 4 2016 70 marker Help/Exemplars/Case studies » Drought in Australia + Depression/Anxiety + Kangaroos!. Ethiopia is an important case study due to the variability of precipitation, and the country’s strong dependence on agricultural and energy production. Restricted cross border mobility further aggravated the situ-. Great Zimbabwe University, Masvingo, Zimbabwe _____ ABSTRACT The problem of water scarcity in urban areas of developing countries is a major concern. The cash derived from de-. undernutrition-case-study. Comparisons were carried out between SPI-2, SPEI-2, and Palmer Z-index to assess intraseasonal droughts, and between SPI-6, SPEI-6, and PDSI for full-season evaluations. Centre for Development and the Environment University of Oslo Blindern, Norway. Sahel drought case study - diversify the way you deal with your homework with our appreciated service receive the required paper here and forget about your fears Writing a custom dissertation means go through lots of steps. The generated data are used for extracting the multivariate features of this extreme hydrological event.