Yoruba Religion Rituals

Akintoye, the Yorùbá are/were exquisite statesmen spread across the globe in an unprecedented fashion; [11] the reach of their culture is largely due to migration of personnel. Syncretism (The combination of beliefs and practices from two or more religions--Example: The Syncretism of Mayan Religion and Christianity, Zulu and Christianity, Islam and Hinduism) Apocalyptic Movements (groups which look forward to the “end of the world”). There are no specific numbers documenting the number of followers, but many believe that Yoruba is the largest African-born religion in the world. Rituals are performed largely to appease or gain favor. Using a performance paradigm, Margaret Thompson Drewal forges a new theoretical and methodological approach to the study of ritual that is thoroughly grounded in close analysis of the thoughts and actions of the participants. Rituals and customs Dancer in Havana ©. Santeria is a syncretic religion, i. They are also venerated by the Edo of southeastern Nigeria; the Ewe of Ghana, Benin, and Togo; and the Fon of Benin (who refer to them as voduns). Of special interest are once locally distinctive and sometimes recently developed forms and meanings that traveled, long after the end of the Atlantic slave trade, from one Yoruba-Atlantic setting to another or have been appropriated from European, Chinese, Indian, Native American, or non-Yoruba West African sources. Oaths and Rituals for Infidelity Among Yoruba Christians. The Baha'i Faith has no rituals in the sense that other religions do. According to J. Cuban Santeria Priests’ Prophesy for 2013 1/2/2013 Havana Times. Today, the Yoruba religion is one of the most celebrated aspects of the culture. Cuban Santeria is also known as Yoruba, Lukumi, and Regla de Osha. The traditions and beliefs of the early Yoruba was influenced in part by the prominent objects of nature around them. in a blend of Catholicism and Ifa. The Yoruba are a diverse set of various tribes that share a common language and culture, who make up about a fifth of Nigeria's population. There are three basic tones of different pitch levels in Yoruba: High, Mid and Low. A spiritual possession is most common at a religious festival, and is when an orisha controls a human and uses their body to speak a message to the rest of the people there. ----, "The Role of Women in African Traditional Religion and among the Yoruba" in Olupona, J. The Yoruba religion is as captivating as a Djembe drum, as ancient as Ethiopian fossils and as sacred as our fathers. In the last 30 years, Yoruba Religion has increased its influence in countries like Brazil or Argentina, through the ritual activities of Yoruba babalawos and the spread of Ifá in Latin America. Among African religions, this explanation has varied throughout different periods, and continues to be a focus inrituals today. Parrinder was an anthropologist and scholar of comparative religion who wrote in conversation with historians, specifically Melville Herskovits. Focusing specifically on Yoruba culture and religion, traditional healing practices are an integral part of their society. Orishas Yoruba World Religions Afro Art Ifa Religion Yoruba Religion African Culture African Art African History Yoruba People Obatalá (also spells Obbatala or Obatala) is the eldest of the orishas in Santeria and king of the religion in orun (heaven). Essential to Yorùbá religion, Osain is an orisha who may be understood as the embodiment of nature and medicine, including herbs, plants, trees, and the forest. Olumide Lucas, one of the pioneer scholars of Yoruba religion and himself a Yoruba elder:. Faso more than 33 percent follow African religion, although it is not the religion of the majority. Santería is influenced by and syncretized with Roman Catholicism. It also explored how cultural assets, defined as cultural values, beliefs and practices promoted wealth creation and social equity. African traditions often are only performed within a ritual setting in the diaspora, while in the past they were part of the daily life. Most of them were aesthetically designed and installed by practitioners, thus the goal of these museums was the ‘preservation’ of the. Unkulunkulu is the primordial Ancestor of the Zulu people, like Nyame is the primordial Ancestor of the Akan people, like Olorun is the primordial Ancestor of the Yoruba people,. Santeria retains the basic characteristics and traditions of an ancient African religion practiced in Nigeria by the Yoruba people. The Yoruba derived religious practice of Orisha worship is a religious system based on the veneration of a supreme god, various deities (Orishas), and ancestral spirits. One of the Yoruba's religions rituals is divination. Its homeland is in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin and Togo, a region that has come to be known as Yorubaland. During the ceremony their Orishas are given birth to and their tutelary Orisha is 'crowned' on their heads, a term describing the ritual wherein the Orisha is actually ceremonially fused with the initiates inner head. Slaves brought to Cuba from Nigeria and Benin mixed their Yoruba traditions with the Roman. Nigeria: Prevalence of ritual practices, such as human sacrifice and the drinking of blood, upon initiation to chieftaincy or during chieftaincy in Yorubaland; state reaction to ritual practices in chieftaincy, especially the respective state ministries of chieftaincy affairs; prevalence and consequences of refusing a Yoruba chieftaincy title. The World of the Yoruba Ritual and Performance in Yorubaland Yoruba is the second largest language group in Africa, consisting of over 20 million people. The Yoruba religion has become widespread throughout the western hemisphere as well as its native Africa. Yoruba sacred. Their leading members, like the controversial president. London: Epworth Press, 1949. in addition, author Ed Morales has claimed that Yoruba religious beliefs and traditions played a part in early American. The Yoruba religion is based on a tradition of possession trance rituals to communicate with the ancestors and deities. It is also customary for Santeria followers to partake in various rituals in order to stay in touch with orishas. Each of these religions is different from one another, and each uses different languages, prayers, songs and rituals from the others. See more ideas about Yoruba religion, Crowns and Black art. Many members of Santeria avoid being associated with Palo Mayombe. The term Yoruba encompasses about twenty-five separate groups, each one culturally different from the next. Many ethnic Yoruba were taken as slaves to Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Brazil, Venezuela and the rest of the New World (chiefly in the 19th century, after the Ọyọ empire collapsed and the region plunged into civil war), and carried their religious beliefs with them. The popularly known Vodou religion of Haiti was founded by slaves from a different ethnic group (the Gba speaking peoples of modern-day Benin, Togo and Ghana), but shares many elements with the Yoruba-derived religions above. It is the religion of the Yoruba people. Click on the names of the Orisha below. The Yoruba religion is as captivating as a Djembe drum, as ancient as Ethiopian fossils and as sacred as our fathers. Santeria is a syncretic religion, i. Today Cuban Ifá tradition, claiming the same Yoruba origin, is also a key component of the re-Africanization process. Vincent, Tobago. Yoruba religion. Today, the Yoruba religion is one of the most celebrated aspects of the culture. commonly referred to as membranophonic-unipercusive drums. Ritual and religious traditions may be built-in ways for people to prioritize resilience over efficiency, by preventing us from focusing too narrowly on utilitarian goals. Each is a building block to a greater understanding of this religion. The Yoruba people are very religious by nature. Its ritual of animal sacrifice, he revealed on his own. Ritual: A ritual typically begins with the invocation of Olurun. The Yoruba religion system comprises of traditional practices and spiritual concepts which has evolved into a robust religious system. They occupied an area bounded by the Niger River, and including what is now known as the Benin Republic, southwestern Nigeria, and part of Togo. Sponsored link. African traditions often are only performed within a ritual setting in the diaspora, while in the past they were part of the daily life. The insight that propelled my early scholarship was that the ideology and rituals of Yoruba sacred kingship are what define Yoruba civil religion and are at the center of Yoruba identity. The differences between Palo Mayombe and Santeria is the religion of Santeria uses the forces of light and the members of Palo Mayombe use ther forces of darkness to achieve their goals and magic spells. ( Public domain ) When African slaves were brought to the Americas to work on plantations, they brought Voodoo with them. Osha-Ifa March 26, 2014. In the tradition of Ifa/Orisha the traditional practice of the Yoruba People of South Western Nigeria sacrifice is important, it is the most important of this tradition. Ritual cle-aning and propitiations increase the financial burden of the offender but it is compulsory that they must be done. Así mismo podrá conocer de los Orishas del panteón Yoruba como Olofin, Orunmila, Eshu, Elegguá, Oggún, Oshosi, Osun, Obbatalá, Yemayá, Shangó, Oshún, Oyá, Aggayú, Babalu Ayé, Olokun y muchos más. The Orisha: Santeria includes the worship of the Orisha-- literally "head guardians," and religious beliefs of the Yoruba and Bantu people in Southern Nigeria, Senegal and Guinea Coast. Using a performance paradigm, Margaret Thompson Drewal forges a new theoretical and methodological approach to the study of ritual that is thoroughly grounded in close analysis of the thoughts and actions of the participants. Yoruba mythology is sometimes claimed to be one of the world's oldest widely practised religions. Religion: Even though the peace treaty betqeen the hausas and yorubas was signed in 1901, causing both the hausas and yorubas to interact peacefully more and more, the yorubas refused to imbibe the Islamic religious practices of the hausas, choosing to persist in the worship of their local gods. fr The Letter of the Year is a guide for the upcoming year for millions of Cuban people who practice the Yoruba religion on the island and in the world. They are a valued resource for everyone from the novice to the priestly. Traditional Chinese Religion. To contrast, Santeria Lucumí evolved in Cuba out of the traditional religious practices of the Lukumí/Yoruba people who were from the Yoruba-speaking lands of Africa (centered around modern-day Nigeria and Benin) - further north along the West African coast. Yorubain Nigeria performing a dance in honour of the god Shango In special festivals and processions, followers of Shango, the Yoruba god of thunder, carry dance wands, oshe shango, depicting a female devotee with Shango's symbol, the double-headed axe. In traditional Yoruba religion, the bale was usually responsible for rituals in honour both of the ancestors and of the main orisa worshipped by the descent group. This book with its 290 pages is printed on demand and can be downloaded as an e-book. They combined beliefs and practices from their Ifa religion with elements of Roman Catholicism to produce the syncretistic religions of Candomblê, Palo Mayombe. In Haiti the Yorubas was called Anagos. The Yoruba people are very religious by nature. For this reason, the book has covered some Yoruba major culture and tradition such as the Yoruba naming system, greeting traditions, weddings and the Yoruba moral sciences that include proverbs, oral traditions, and the use of myths, fables and idiomatic expressions. The number of lives a person should get varied according to their level of spiritual deformation (such as jealousy, hate, maliceetc). Drumming and dancing in Santería aren't just for entertainment. The Yoruba religion informs Death and the King’s Horseman and therefore merits consideration. When we come across those who do not share our faith or who do not have the same understanding and knowledge of the scriptures as we do, we should accommodate their viewpoints, beliefs and practices provided that they do not go against the law of Christ. The Yoruba are among the largest ethnolinguistic groups in Africa, numbering between 25 million and 40 million. Ni awon ibikan ni ipinle Oyo (Lanlate, Eruwa, Igboora, Idere, Ayete, Tapa ati Ibarapa) ayeye iranti awon baba-nla won ni won pe ni oro sise sugbon ni awon ibikan ni ipinle Ogun, awo ni oro. We are attempting to provide good honest information that may otherwise be difficult for most to come by for various reasons. Yoruba religion in the New World. Slaves brought to Cuba from Nigeria and Benin mixed their Yoruba traditions with the Roman. Yorùbá communities can be found in different parts of West Africa but the largest concentration can be found in the Southwestern part of Nigeria. Asiwaju notes also that Islam preceded Christianity by many decades and in its practice in the area, proved more tolerant of Yoruba traditions and beliefs. Yoruba - Religion and Expressive Culture. Moses Fowowe. Religion is a set of beliefs, feelings and practices that define relations between human beings and divinities. In Haiti the Yorubas was called Anagos. Yoruba religious beliefs are part of itan — the complex of songs, histories, stories and other cultural concepts which make up the Yorùbá religion and society. Ahamad Faosiy Ogunbado, Ph. Orisha traditions are communal and hierarchical. Although the large population of the Yoruba people of Africa and the ancient Aztecs break this rule, they're both still considered pre-scientific and. YORUBA RELIGION. The rites are very important. Divorce among the Toruba PETER C. Religious Beliefs. In this introductory volume, Baba Ifa Karade provides an easily understandable overview of the Yoruba religion. African traditions often are only performed within a ritual setting in the diaspora, while in the past they were part of the daily life. it is presented and designed for those of you who are not initiated priests in any version of yoruba religion. This ancient corpus contains the history, cosmology, worldview, linguistic heritage, medical tradition and ethical legacy of the Yoruba people and has been preserved orally through poetic form. Yoruba religion is a traditional West African religion. Parrinder was an anthropologist and scholar of comparative religion who wrote in conversation with historians, specifically Melville Herskovits. When people are possessed by them they seek help from diviners who try to get rid of the troubles and tribulations through rituals. One of the most fundamental orishas that requires attention if one is discussing Yorùbá religion and ecology is Osain. These religions started in Nigeria but were combined with Catholicism, by force, when the slave trades began. They are also venerated by the Edo of southeastern Nigeria; the Ewe of Ghana, Benin, and Togo; and the Fon of Benin (who refer to them as voduns). During a tambor (drumming ceremony) the sacred batá drums are played. While the basic religious beliefs remain the same, the religion is now a fusion of authentic Yoruba from Africa; indigenous native (Indian) beliefs and Christianity from Europe. Santeria is practiced throughout Latin America and in the United States, but Cuba is its birthplace. Taboo is a prohibition against performing certain acts and it is motivated by magical or social sanction. Some Yoruba culture accepts dowries at the engagement ceremony. Having the advantage of being exposed to western ideas, Yoruba people integrate modern customs into their traditional marriage ceremonies. Burial: Burial rituals are exclusive to family and Osugbo society members- the society of Yoruba elders. Now the Fon of Dahomey believe this serpent sits around the world and binds it so it does not fall apart, with 3500 coils above and 3500 coils below. You searched for: yoruba religion! Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and one-of-a-kind products and gifts related to your search. But that is the Fon, and this page is mainly about the Yoruba. Occasional clashes between Christians and adherents of Yoruba traditional religion in some Yoruba communities, such as Iseyin and Shagamu, formed the background of this study. It is nowadays a minority religion. The Yoruba or Lucumi religion which is also known as Santeria or Regla de Osha, is the most expanded religion of African origin in Cuba. Their leading members, like the controversial president. Bi o tile je pe awo ni oro, awon eya Yoruba kan mu un bi ayeye odun kan pato. This characterization makes African ethics independent of religion and, thus, underlines the notion of the autonomy of ethics in regard to African ethics. The first context of meditation involves the family. Cuban Santeria is also known as Yoruba, Lukumi, and Regla de Osha. Most of them were aesthetically designed and installed by practitioners, thus the goal of these museums was the 'preservation' of the. Although one Supreme Being or God (Olodumare) is recognized, practitioners believe Olodumare to be beyond the events. The Yoruba constitute approximately 21% percent of Nigeria's total population, and number upwards of 30 million individuals throughout the region of West Africa. Like many other primal religions, the Yoruba have an axis mundi, a place they consider to be the center of the universe. The possible to recreate a ritual and philosophical child of a Yoruba family is a Yoruba by birth, unity that was lost in the Middle Passage, in but any initiate in a Yoruba-inspired religion is opposition to a "bad" syncretism - the Afro- also considered a Yoruba, because she/he has Catholic - constituted by exogenous varieties. To contrast, Santeria Lucumí evolved in Cuba out of the traditional religious practices of the Lukumí/Yoruba people who were from the Yoruba-speaking lands of Africa (centered around modern-day Nigeria and Benin) - further north along the West African coast. Oladosu Olusegun 0 0 Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, Obafemi Awolowo University , Ile-Ife , Nigeria Religion is a way of life for the African people. Syncretism (The combination of beliefs and practices from two or more religions--Example: The Syncretism of Mayan Religion and Christianity, Zulu and Christianity, Islam and Hinduism) Apocalyptic Movements (groups which look forward to the “end of the world”). Yoruba religious beliefs are part of Itan, the total complex of songs, histories, stories, and other cultural concepts which make up the Yoruba society. Lullaby – Yoruba. Yoruba (African people) The Yoruba are renowned throughout West Africa and the African diaspora as masters of religious practice and a number of New World religions have their origins in Yoruba practices; among these religions are Santeria, Condombole, and other Afro-Brazilian and Afro-Cuban offshoots. Translators and others assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases. The possible to recreate a ritual and philosophical child of a Yoruba family is a Yoruba by birth, unity that was lost in the Middle Passage, in but any initiate in a Yoruba-inspired religion is opposition to a "bad" syncretism - the Afro- also considered a Yoruba, because she/he has Catholic - constituted by exogenous varieties. The Yoruba are a diverse set of various tribes that share a common language and culture, who make up about a fifth of Nigeria’s population. Let us start with the ritual in connection with the worship of God - Olodumare and gods - Orisa. For the Yoruba, religion wasn't simply a practice. IFá is one of the sacred oral texts of the Yoruba people of West Africa (parts of present-day Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso). Cada ritual principal o ceremonia se inicia con un rezo o invocación a los egguns. In Brazil, Candomblé reflects elements of Yoruba religion, expressed in divination, healing, music, spirit possession, and sacrifice. Yoruba mythology does, however, have a high god, Olorun Olodumare, who is the source of life, residing high in the heavens. It is part of a trilogy: Introduction, Intermediate and Advanced Level Yorùbá, I have read just the Intermediate one. No, the Yoruba religion is the basis of Santaria, which is practised in Cuba. Ifa: the religion of the Yoruba peoples Yoruba refers to a group of cultures linked by a common language. But that is the Fon, and this page is mainly about the Yoruba. The rituals that these religions perform are different but are all done to reach closeness or get direction from their god or gods. The Yoruba are a nationality. Yoruba is one of the numerous tribes in Nigeria. Santeria (Way of the Saints) is an Afro-Caribbean religion based on Yoruba beliefs and traditions, with some Roman Catholic elements added. Yoruba people. The Yoruba traditional religion believes that all human beings pass through what is known as Ayanmo which translate to destiny or fate. In a telephone interview with the Research Directorate, a professor of African religious traditions and African and African American Studies at Harvard University described oath-taking for infidelity as "not a Christian practice" (23 Feb. Yoruba; July 16, 2019. The many rituals and festivals of Ancient Mesopotamian culture were based around rites of passage, such as birth or marriage. Its origins date back to ancient Africa. LA SANTERIA is one of the most important religions in Cuba. The language of this religion is known as Lucumi, and has a dialect of the Yoruba language (which is primarily spoken in regions of West Africa). YORUBA TRADITIONAL ART: SYMBOLISM AND INTERPRETATION. They believe in a supreme God called Oludumare, who is neither male nor female. religion of the Yoruba people of Africa. Rituals and customs Dancer in Havana ©. You can never go wrong with colors in Yorubaland. The Yoruba traditional marriage ceremony, though a serious affair, is full of playfulness, rich contemporary Nigerian music, graceful colors, and sumptuous meals. [1] Yoruba religious beliefs are part of Itan, the total complex of songs, histories, stories, and other cultural concepts which make up the Yoruba society. Yoruba is a religion of understanding, growing and seeking. The Ifa Foundation offers individuals, for the first time, the opportunity of genuine initiation in either the traditional system utilizing animal sacrifice, or through an equally powerful, yet bloodless Orisha or Ifa initiation!. In this paper the religion Yoruba will be dissected to better understand it. Despite this, both Santaria and Voodoo. They are also venerated by the Edo of southeastern Nigeria; the Ewe of Ghana, Benin, and Togo; and the Fon of Benin (who refer to them as voduns). Without the music of the Ìgbìn drums most funerals, festivals, and incantations at ceremonies would have been incomplete or impossible. West African Religion: A Study of the Beliefs and Practices of Akan, Ewe, Yoruba, Ibo, and Kindred Peoples (9781498204927) by Geoffrey Parrinder, Edwin Smith Hear about sales, receive special offers & more. For example, from 40-50 percent of Yoruba are estimated to be Muslims, but this affiliation. Oladosu Olusegun 0 0 Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, Obafemi Awolowo University , Ile-Ife , Nigeria Religion is a way of life for the African people. Yoruba Art and Masks African Masks and Tribal Art for sale from the Yoruba (Yorba, Yorouba) people of Nigeria and Benin. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Believers in the Yoruba religion turn to Ifa in times of trouble. Given this history, I would like to explore the underlying political motivations of the religious practices of each group. The first is syncretism - the blending of the new beliefs with the old. The Yorùbá people are a near-homogenous and semi-independent peoples loosely linked by geography, language, history, culture and religion. The term Yoruba encompasses about twenty-five separate groups, each one culturally different from the next. Religion is a set of beliefs, feelings and practices that define relations between human beings and divinities. The rituals that these religions perform are different but are all done to reach closeness or get direction from their god or gods. The popularly known Vodou religion of Haiti was founded by slaves from a different ethnic group (the Gba speaking peoples of modern-day Benin, Togo and Ghana), but shares many elements with the Yoruba-derived religions above. Santeria retains the basic characteristics and traditions of an ancient African religion practiced in Nigeria by the Yoruba people. In addition to the worship of one God, named Olodumare, the Yoruba worship dozens of deities known as "Orishas" who are personified aspects of nature and spirit. Ifa is a nature base religion. Santería does not use a central creed for its religious practices; though it is understood in terms of its rituals and ceremonies. They believe in a supreme Creator God named Olurun. Yoruba Customs and Beliefs Pertaining to Twins Yoruba Religious Beliefs Within today's Yoruba religious affiliations, more than 40% of the population are allied to Islam, less than 40% are Christians with the remaining 20% exclusively practising the traditional animist Yoruba religion. Orisha of justice, the dance, the viril force, the thunderclaps, the rays and the fire, owner of the drums Wemileres, Ilú Batá or Bembés, of the dance and music; he represents the necessity and the joy to live, the intensity of the life. One of the traditional practices of the Yoruba people is Ifa worship. However, many regard the practices of the religions as closely guarded secrets and are less than willing to let outsiders join in. After all these small rituals, on the ninth day the bride moves in moves in Death:. PIP: Religious and medical practices are steeped in the traditions of West African culture vis-a-vis childbirth. Pentecostal Beliefs Beliefs and theology are important to Pentecostals. Only properly prepared priests can perform these rituals, but they can be performed for anyone. Basic Yoruba belief involves ritual practices such as singing, dancing, drumming, spirit possession, ritual healing, respect for ancestors and divination. The Yoruba religion is as captivating as a Djembe drum, as ancient as Ethiopian fossils and as sacred as our fathers. God as the Supreme Being; Belief in spiritual forces; Humans as spiritual beings; Belief in divination; Belief in `orishas' or selected heads. , a combination of various other beliefs and rituals with their own. Yoruba religion is the basis for a number of religions in the New World, notably Santería, Umbanda, Trinidad Orisha Haitian Vodou and Candomblé. Ancient Yoruba religion Statue of the orisha Eshu, Oyo, Nigeria, c1920. Its ritual of animal sacrifice, he revealed on his own. African life is thoroughly permeated by religion. Among African religions, this explanation has varied throughout different periods, and continues to be a focus inrituals today. are there Nowadays temples all across Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, devoted to Ifa and Orisha. Kingship, Religion and Rituals in a Nigerian community: a phenomenological study of Ondo Yoruba festivals. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. in addition, author Ed Morales has claimed that Yoruba religious beliefs and traditions played a part in early American. Only properly prepared priests can perform these rituals, but they can be performed for anyone. The Yoruba Religion and Initiations 16/01/12 23:09 Filed in: Yoruba Within the last two centuries, African based religions such as Candomblé, Vodun, and Yoruba have gotten a bad reputation, partly because of the practice of witchcraft. referred to as "Santeria". Yoruba (African people) The Yoruba are renowned throughout West Africa and the African diaspora as masters of religious practice and a number of New World religions have their origins in Yoruba practices; among these religions are Santeria, Condombole, and other Afro-Brazilian and Afro-Cuban offshoots. PIP: Religious and medical practices are steeped in the traditions of West African culture vis-a-vis childbirth. Ocha-Ifa, also known as Santeria, Regla de Ocha, Regla Lucumi, or Lukumi, is a syncretic religion of West African origins developed by the African slaves in the Americas, most notably in Cuba and Brazil. The Yoruba religion system comprises of traditional practices and spiritual concepts which has evolved into a robust religious system. The Osugbo are included because they are closest to the ancestors, and possess vast amounts of knowledge and power within the community. The Yoruba are a diverse set of various tribes that share a common language and culture, who make up about a fifth of Nigeria's population. , a combination of various other beliefs and rituals with their own. In the Church of the Lord (Aladura), for example, ministers are given an iron rod about two and a half feet long, looped in a handle at one end, as part of their insignia of office. Divination, sacrifice, spirit possession, initiation, belief in psychic phenomena, priesthood and other Yoruba systems of worship are prevalent in Santería. As Islam and Christianity spread to Yorubaland over the past few centuries, the group embraced both faiths alongside its many traditional and. The traditions and beliefs of the early Yoruba was influenced in part by the prominent objects of nature around them. Yoruba Religious Beliefs Within today's Yoruba religious affiliations, more than 40% of the population are allied to Islam, less than 40% are Christians with the remaining 20% exclusively practising the traditional animist Yoruba religion. Yoruba Traditional Religion is a set of rituals practiced by over one hundred million people in the Americas alone. Storytelling is an essential part of their religion, which are connected to many holy rites and rituals. SYNOPSIS OF THE SANTERIA RELIGION by Det. The possible to recreate a ritual and philosophical child of a Yoruba family is a Yoruba by birth, unity that was lost in the Middle Passage, in but any initiate in a Yoruba-inspired religion is opposition to a “bad” syncretism – the Afro- also considered a Yoruba, because she/he has Catholic – constituted by exogenous varieties. They are also practical and liberal about their religious differences. Orishas are not quite gods — think of them as a spirit cocktail with a slice of saint and a tiny dash of divinity for flavor. There is a daily obligatory prayer and a month of fasting from sunrise to sunset but, aside from that, because the Faith is. They combined beliefs and practices from their Ifa religion with elements of Roman Catholicism to produce the syncretistic religions of Candomblê, Palo Mayombe, Santeria, Vodun, etc. Its homeland is in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin and Togo, a region that has come to be known as Yorùbáland. YORUBA CREATION STORY OBATALA IMAGES Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Ile-Ife The Cradle of Yoruba Civilization African Religions African religious cosmos African religious cosmos African religious cosmos Ritual Rites of Passage (van Gennep) Important Rituals Traditional religious specialists Slide 21 Healing What is life?. Yoruba Religion: Main History, Beliefs and Traditions The Yoruba religion is also known as Santeria and has its origin in Africa, but has gained many adepts in the American continent since it came to these lands during the Colony. Egyptian Art reflecting ancient Kemet, Egypt, Africa surely can be compared to vintage or antique wine or furniture worldwide. Voodoo Religion. In addition, post-slavery voluntary migrations have brought Yoruba culture and religion to all regions of the globe and revitalized theology and practices. Now called Ife, it is the center of the religion because the Yoruba believe, that the god Orisha-nla first began to create the world there was. Yoruba drums such as the bata and dundun drum imitate the tonal nature of the Yoruba language and function as a type of metaspeech in Yoruba rituals. On Sunday, December 9, 2018, we'll study the Yoruba Faith tradition and watch an interview between our pastor, Rev. and religious and spiritual factors1. Performed as a parade or a procession, a pilgrimage, a masking display, or possession trance, the journey evokes the reflexive, progressive, transformative experience of ritual participation. Today, the Yoruba religion, called Ifa, is practiced not only in its original form, but also in its syncretized form, i. The Yoruba traditional religion believes that all human beings pass through what is known as Ayanmo which translate to destiny or fate. It is part of a trilogy: Introduction, Intermediate and Advanced Level Yorùbá, I have read just the Intermediate one. There are numeral rituals such as those for the fertility of human beings, crops and animals; for birth, initiation, marriage and death; for rainmaking, planting and harvesting. Religion and culture are fundamental parts of an African’s life which is not only cherished but also protected dearly. West Africa did not possess writing as we now it, and the orisha disclose themselves not in books but in shrine, ritual, and memory. Yoruba have a way of burying their Obas and even ordinary people. Santeria is a syncretic religion, i. Yoruba Customs and Beliefs Pertaining to Twins Yoruba Religious Beliefs Within today's Yoruba religious affiliations, more than 40% of the population are allied to Islam, less than 40% are Christians with the remaining 20% exclusively practising the traditional animist Yoruba religion. Yoruba religious beliefs are part of Itan, the total complex of songs, histories, stories, and other cultural concepts which make up the Yoruba society. In this comparative study, at once historical and anthropological, Peel explores the intertwined character of the three religions and the dense imbrication of religion in all. Akintoye, the Yorùbá are/were exquisite statesmen spread across the globe in an unprecedented fashion; [11] the reach of their culture is largely due to migration of personnel. During the ceremony, the couple gets a literal taste of four flavors that are meant to represent distinct stages within a marriage: cayenne for spiciness, lemon for sourness, vinegar for bitterness and honey for sweetness. Today Cuban Ifá tradition, claiming the same Yoruba origin, is also a key component of the re-Africanization process. Santeria evolved when African slaves were stolen from their homelands during the Colonial period and forced to work in Caribbean sugar plantations. For an African tribe to believe in reincarnation, Earth was nothing more than a transitional stage in a persons life. Divorce among the Toruba PETER C. The ese reflect Yoruba history, language, beliefs, cosmovision and contemporary social issues. The Yoruba people also stem creation from the Ile-Ife area and consider the city of Ife to be sacred because of their roots and trace of creation back to this city. A court case forced a Santeria priest to reveal some of his religion’s secrets. After all these small rituals, on the ninth day the bride moves in moves in Death:. This belief system is known as Lukumi in Cuba, and Puerto Rico, though it is often. 3 Million Yoruba keep the traditional African religion alive from Nigeria to New York and everywhere in between. Concepts and Theories on Women in Yoruba Religious Sphere3 religion, for it is the venue for contact and interaction between the living, the dead, and the yet unborn. We are attempting to provide good honest information that may otherwise be difficult for most to come by for various reasons. The earliest studies of Yoruba religious traditions were carried out by mlssionarles, travellers and explorers who were concerned with writ~ng about the so called "pagan" practices and "animist" beliefs of the African peoples. It is the religion of the Yoruba people. These religions started in Nigeria but were combined with Catholicism, by force, when the slave trades began. SCL Health is an equal opportunity employer. Palero practice extemely strong and powerful black magic. There are many deities such as Sango (god of thunder), Ogun (god of iron), Soponna (god of smallpox), Yemoja and so many other gods. The first context of meditation involves the family. Sign in to check out Check out as guest. Sadly, most Yoruba people in Nigeria today who have imbibed the Abrahamic religions now regard beliefs in the Orishas as primitive, pagan, uncouth, unGodly and backwards. In Africa, the Yoruba and Congo people were always warring with one another. The number of lives a person should get varied according to their level of spiritual deformation (such as jealousy, hate, maliceetc). However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. Así mismo podrá conocer de los Orishas del panteón Yoruba como Olofin, Orunmila, Eshu, Elegguá, Oggún, Oshosi, Osun, Obbatalá, Yemayá, Shangó, Oshún, Oyá, Aggayú, Babalu Ayé, Olokun y muchos más. ISBN 096387835. GELEDE MASQUERADE: IMAGERY AND MOTIFBeing of Yoruba and Hausa-Fulani descent born in Ghana, I found Drewal’s article on the Yoruba Gelede masquerade interesting, entertaining and a revelation which put things in perspective for me in regards to the actions of and attitudes towards women in my immediate and distant Nigerian family. Olupona, who joined the Faculty of Divinity and Faculty of Arts and Sciences in 2006, is a noted scholar of indigenous African religions. In Cuba, Brazil, Haiti and Trinidad, the religious rites Yorubas, beliefs, music and myths are enthroned to the present time. At the heart of the mesmerizing spectacle that Yoruba Andabo presents is the dance and music of Santerí­a, a religion rooted in West Africa, and among the Yoruba people of Nigeria in particular. However, many regard the practices of the religions as closely guarded secrets and are less than willing to let outsiders join in. Storytelling is an essential part of their religion, which are connected to many holy rites and rituals. Nigeria: Prevalence of ritual practices, such as human sacrifice and the drinking of blood, upon initiation to chieftaincy or during chieftaincy in Yorubaland; state reaction to ritual practices in chieftaincy, especially the respective state ministries of chieftaincy affairs; prevalence and consequences of refusing a Yoruba chieftaincy title. West Africa did not possess writing as we now it, and the orisha disclose themselves not in books but in shrine, ritual, and memory. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, [2] [3] include belief in an amount of higher and lower gods, sometimes including a supreme creator, belief in spirits. Mapping Yorùbá Networks. "African spirituality simply acknowledges that beliefs and practices touch on and inform every facet of human life, and therefore African religion cannot be separated. , called Oyotunji Village that practices a type of African indigenous religion, which is a mixture of Yoruba and Ewe-Fon spiritual practices. Bahia, in Northeastern Brazil, is known for its abundance of Afro-Brazilian rituals which blend elements from Catholicism and Candomblé - a religion with Yoruba origins brought to Brazil by. Our curiosity arises out of the fact that Lagos historically, is one of the ancient and oldest Muslim States in the south–west of Nigeria, and one still finds quite a large proportion of Yoruba Muslims mixing their Islāmic religion with traditional beliefs and practices. Also known as the Yoruba religion, Ifa has survived into modern times by adapting to other spiritual systems and cultures. Another god, Ogun (god of war, the hunt, and metalworking), is considered one of the most important. Understanding the Yoruba Religious beliefs and concepts. Omo Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or tab. Yoruba religion in the New World. The Yoruba culture, for the present purpose, can be defined as follows: The aggregate of the ways of life of the Yoruba-speaking peoples of southwestern Nigeria and their kiths and kins elsewhere in the world. Their view is one which remains in harmony with nature, maintaining a healthy respect living things in their many forms, no matter how small or inconsequential. The Yoruba treat their ancestors with great respect, as might be expected in a culture with only oral records of the past, but anthropologists debate as to whether the rituals dealing with ancestry are religious in nature, or simply respectful. Yoruba is one of the numerous tribes in Nigeria. Those priests ordained in the Lukumi Religion that for whatever reason wish or are desirous to be ordained by and/or convert to the practices of the Traditional Yoruba Religion will abandon and renounce any and all rights – hierarchical and practical – within the Lukumí Religious system. British Sign Language: Many people believe all religion is good. Yoruba people are a large ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in Africa, and the majority of them speak the Yoruba language. Lewis , comes a stunning new photography series that brings African deities. The Religion of the Zulu. This essay presents an overview of past and recent scholarship in Yoruba religion. Who are the Yoruba People? According to Wikipedia, "The Yoruba people are an ethnic group of southwestern and north-central Nigeria, as well as southern and central Benin. Through the Yoruba Lens: A Postcolonial Discourse of Female Circumcision investigates female circumcision practices from a philosophical, Yoruba traditionalist perspective. Yoruba religious beliefs are part of Itan, the total complex of songs, histories, stories, and other cultural concepts which make up the Yoruba society. In the tradition of Ifa/Orisha the traditional practice of the Yoruba People of South Western Nigeria sacrifice is important, it is the most important of this tradition. In this introductory volume, Baba Ifa Karade provides an easily understandable overview of the Yoruba religion. In Cuba, Brazil, Haiti and Trinidad, the religious rites Yorubas, beliefs, music and myths are enthroned to the present time. Although the large population of the Yoruba people of Africa and the ancient Aztecs break this rule, they're both still considered pre-scientific and. Haitian Vodou is a cultural descendant of many traditional African societies, including the Dahomian and Yorùbá peoples. Are blacks abandoning Christianity for African faiths? department who freely participates in Yoruba and other African-based religions. Burial: Burial rituals are exclusive to family and Osugbo society members- the society of Yoruba elders. There are two main ways in which Yoruba belief and the world religions have interacted. [West African childbirth traditions].